The Study on the Career Prospects of College Students in the Faculty of Education (2)
八幡, ななみ ,
高野, 久美子Nanami@@@TAKANO Kumiko, YAWATA
This study examines the career prospects of sophomore college students in the\nfaculty of education. The first part of this study (N=148) statistically analyzes the data\nof the student survey, which has been administered each semester since 2014 by career\neducation committee. The cluster analysis was conducted based on the scores of Career\nProspect (CP) scale in the 1st, 2nd, and 4th semester. Four clusters were generated;\n(1) High CP cluster, (2) Average CP cluster, (3) Below average CP / V-shaped cluster,\nand (4) Low CP cluster. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) were conducted to illustrate\nthe characteristics of each cluster. The results indicated that students of “high CP” and\n“average CP” clusters evaluated themselves positively in terms of academic skills, the\nsense of college adaptation, and social adaptation skills. Students of “below average CP\n/ V-shaped” cluster perceived their career prospects got unclear in the 2nd semester,\nthen recovered in the 4th semester. It was implied that the recovery in career prospect\ncould be related to the growth in logical thinking and attitude of keeping distance from\nproblems. The results also indicated that students of “low CP” cluster might have\nbeen feeling difficulties in academics and adaptation to college since the 1st semester.\nFor the second part of the study, interview surveys were conducted (n=8). Five key\nconcepts were extracted from the interview data. The concepts included (a) conflict\nabout aspiring teaching profession, (b) promotion of career choice behaviors by classes,\n(c) attaining information from networks beyond the faculty of education, (d) experiential\ninvestigation of career options through internships, (e) promotion of career decision\nbehaviors by set deadlines. Based on the findings, the possible student supports were\ndiscussed.