Departmental Bulletin Paper 戦後における小学生の意見文の変化の様相
The Aspect of Changes in Opinion Essays of Elementary School Students

石丸, 憲一  ,  ISHIMARU, Kenichi

(67)  , pp.3 - 16 , 2016-03-31 , 創価大学教育学部・教職大学院
In this research I attempted to observe the specific quality changes on how formalities andcontents balance each other in actual students’ opinion writings in view of the fact that varioustypes of efforts to teach opinion-essays in elementary schools were made at different periodsin the past. By classifying each sentence in the students’ opinionessays into two categories of“commenting sentences” and “non-commenting sentences,” I analyzed them focusing on thethree changes listed below:1. Changes in“ commenting sentences” ratio.2. Changes in the locations of segment in an essay in which“ commenting sentences” areplaced.3. Changes in usage of“ I think…” sentences.As a result, the following three findings were observed:1. The opinion writings in Heisei period have less number of“ commenting sentences” thanin Showa period in regard to the changes in “commenting sentences” ratio in the wholeessay.2. By analyzing the changes in“ commenting sentences” locations in the whole opinionessays, they appeared more often in the segments of the first half of the writings inShowaperiod; on the other hand, they tended to be located towards the end in Heisei periodopinion-essays.3. When I compared the ways of making comments for the view of how“ I think…”sentences are used, there were tendencies to show opinions more euphemistically inHeisei period. Regarding how conclusions were expressed, in Showa period, there weremore comments urging the society and others to change, while in Heisei period, therewere more comments expecting themselves to change.

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