Through dramatic domestic and international changes resulting from the Soviet Union’s extinction, Russia has power fully reappeared on the world’s stage. Although contemporary Russia does not have a firm unification principle, a “National Orthodoxy” regime is being formed. The “National Orthodoxy” corresponds to the “state religion” as the core element of national unification. Separate from the “private Or thodoxy” as a living faith, the “public Orthodoxy” emerged as a principle to unify the people. The “National Orthodoxy” regime is a national idea that the Russian Orthodox Church should unify with the people of Russia, and it is a political-religious system to realize national unification. Under this regime, the values of the Orthodoxy apply to all the people of Russia. The Russian Orthodox Church promotes a harmonious agreement between the Russian state and society. While the movement from the bottom, known as the “private side,” mixes with the policy from the top, known as the “government side,” the “National Orthodoxy” regime formation process in Russia is promoted. In addition, it is observed that the “centralization of the Orthodoxy” assumes that the Orthodoxy is a unification principle. And at the same time, the “marginalization of the non-Orthodoxy” suppresses and removes all religion except the Orthodoxy. In this country, this dual structure exists separately, while the various schools of religion in the private sphere overlap with the “National Orthodoxy” in the public sphere. The contemporary Russian national identity may have been reconstructed with the principle of unification known as the “National Orthodoxy” regime at its core.