紀要論文 変化内在関係節の再考察
The Change Relative Revisited

澁谷, みどり

21pp.171 - 180 , 2018-03-05 , 神戸松蔭女子学院大学学術研究委員会
ISSN:13434535
NII書誌ID(NCID):AA11200630
内容記述
いわゆる主要部内在関係節において,節末の「の」は補文辞とされ,「関係節+の」の意味は関係節内の項の名詞句の意味と同じである。一方,一見形の似ている,変化内在関係節とよばれる節においては,節末の「の」は(代)名詞とされ,「関係節+の」の意味は関係節内の項の名詞句の意味が変化したものである。この場合の関係節直後の「の」の範疇と関係節内の項の名詞句の意味の変化の2 点がなぜ連動するかについてはあまり論じられていない。本研究では,関係節内にあらわれる動詞の意味を語彙概念構造Jackendoff (1990)による形式的な表示で与え,特に変化内在関係節ではBECOME 関数が存在する動詞が使われることを示す。また,生成語彙意味論の枠組みPustejovsky(1995); 影山(2005); Hidaka (2011) とBasilico (1998) のVP 構造の考えを利用し,意味構造から2 つの関係節の統語的な違いを予測することを目標とする。
The post-relative no in the so-called head-internal relative clause (HIRC) in Japanese is considered to be a nominalizing complementizer. The meaning of HIRC with the post-relative no will carry the same meaning as the noun phrase, an internal argument within the clause. On the other hand, the post-relative no in the so-called the change relative (CR), which have a similar structure as HIRC, is considered to be a pronominal. The meaning of CR with the post-relative no will undergo a semantic change of the noun phrase as an internal argument within the clause. Why these two factors, the category of the post-relative no and the semantic change of the noun phrase in the relative clause can co-occur? The relationship between these two factors has not been discussed greatly. In this paper, I will show that the verbs with BECOME operator, especially in the CR will appear by giving formal semantic representations based on lexical conceptual structure Jackendoff (1990). Furthermore, I aim to predict the syntactic differences between these two relative clauses from their semantic structures, by applying conceptual frameworks of the Generative lexicon (Pustejovsky, 1995; Kageyama, 2005; Hidaka, 2011) as well as the ideas of VP structures based on Basilico (1998).
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