Departmental Bulletin Paper 小学生がもつ言語話者に対する期待—国際学校での調査—
What do school-aged children at an international school expect from language people speak?

久津木, 文  ,  田中, 佑実

21pp.95 - 103 , 2018-03-05 , 神戸松蔭女子学院大学学術研究委員会
ISSN:13434535
NCID:AA11200630
Description
国際学校の全学年子どもを対象に他者の言語的能力から期待する知識や特徴(親切さ) が学年, 本人の得意言語, 及び海外滞在経験によって異なるかの検討を試みた. 全般的に, 言語話者の言語から言語と無関係な能力を期待する傾向と学年, 得意言語, さらに海外滞在経験との関係はみられなかった. しかし, 学年と期待する言語能力との関係には違いがみられた. 具体的には, 下の学年に比べ高学年のほうが言語話者に対してより現実的な言語知識を期待する傾向があることが判明した. 小学生には, 幼児期にみられるような言語話者に対するバイアスによる過剰な期待は存在しないが, 言語習得経験による期待形成がみられることが示唆された.
This study examined kinds of expectations held by elementary school children of all grades at an international school, towards language speakers based on what language they speak. More specifically, it examined if there were differences in expectations of their abilities and characteristics (kindness) based on the language they spoke, and if the children’s grades, language abilities and experience abroad affected the expectations. In general, there was no relationship found among them except for a comparison between the grades and the linguistic expectation tasks. Compared to lower and middle graders, the upper graders expected less from the specific language speakers for their linguistic knowledge, demonstrating the formation of less biased expectation based on the language people speak. The results suggest that unlike in preschoolers there is no cognitive bias towards the mother tongue speakers in school aged children that would lead them to expect excessively and that the experiences of learning foreign language(s) influences older children’s expectation formation of language speakers.
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