Departmental Bulletin Paper An analysis of the Agrarian Reform in Honduras : Its Historical Aspects after the Conflict between El Salvador and Honduras

Masao, Kinoshita

(4)  , pp.15 - 34 , 2017-03-01
Agrarian Reform in Honduras was initiated in 1962 by the enactment of the Agrarian Reform Law and establishment of the Instituto Nacional Agrario (INA), however, the land redistribution did not proceed. Discontent among landless peasants grew gradually. The Conflict between El Salvador and Honduras that erupted in 1969 left many inhabitants expelled from the border zone, leaving the Honduran society in confusion. The military seized power in a coup d’état, and initiated policies called “Military Reformism”. Landless peasants formed peasant groups and began to struggle for land. Many peasant groups carried out land occupations to require land redistribution of the INA.The results of a survey of peasant groups in Nueva Arcadia, a municipality in the Occident Region, and demographic data of the domestic population movement show that Agrarian Reform contributed to stabilizing the social disruption after the conflict. This suggests an alternative to resolutions of social problems in developing countries.

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