Departmental Bulletin Paper 「発見のノダ」について

幸松, 英恵

This paper discusses “noda as sentences of discovery”. Although “sentences of discovery” can be expressed without “noda”, “noda as sentences of discovery” have the following implications: ―There is an assumption or expectation on the part of the speaker regarding the contents of the statement. ―The statements imply the speaker’s surprise that the reality turns to be different from assumptions, or the speaker’s understanding that reality coincides with the assumption. Whereas the statement of discovery without noda is to describe the perceived situation directly, “noda as sentences of discovery” expresses the fact that they contain the speaker’s evaluation of the results from a comparison with reality. In addition, investigation of noda sentences from the Meiji Era shows that “noda as sentences of discovery” were not seen in the Meiji era, that only a small number of usage examples are found from Taisho to early Showa, and that the frequency of use has been increasing. As this background the increasing of use of “noda as reasoning sentence” can be pointed out. Originally “noda” has been used for describing a speaker’s knowledge. “Noda as sentence of discovery” is thought to be used by the increasing use of reasoning sentences which express the thoughts of the speaker.

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