Departmental Bulletin Paper レギュラシオン理論は現在の日本・アジア経済にどのように応用しうるのか : 経済地理学の視点から
The Applications of Regulation Theory to the Japanese and Other Asian Economies from the Perspective of Economic Geography

野尻, 亘

Economic geography based on American and European regulationtheory explains the changes in the new industrial spaces occurring intandem with the transition from the demise of Fordism to a flexibleproduction system.The argument of this paper is that Asia’s rapid industrialization andeconomic development in the 21st century from the perspective ofregulation theory can be interpreted as a shift from peripheral Fordism toexport-led development (‘exportism’). Developing this analysis, the paperfurther compares and classifies differences between accumulation regimesand modes of regulation in Asian economies. In addition, comparing Japanwith the rest of Asia, the paper also refers on the decline of the Japaneseeconomy and the emergence of neoliberalism in Japan. In conclusion, theauthor discusses the ongoing metamorphosis of current regulation theoryand its relationship with development in economic geography.After the crisis of Fordism, economic geography based on regulationtheory, previously encompassed discussions of the impact of the Just-in-Time system and the flexible production system on location patterns suchas agglomeration and dispersion. However, as regulation theory’s focusmainly shifted from wage-labor relationships to the search for newaccumulation regimes based on severe competition in international financemarkets, economic geographers’ interest also moved towards spatialinequality and disparity generated in the global neoliberalism.

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