The many works of YOSHIMOTO Takaaki(1924-2012)who is regardedas the greatest thinker in post-war Japan have exerted extraordinaryinfluence over the development of social theory. This paper aims to explorehow he depicted his personal history through memories on foods indevelopmental stages of his life history, discussed problems of Japaneseagriculture, and examined theoretical relations between community andsocial structure. The main findings are as follows.First, when he entered into the elderly age, he began to remembermemories on foods in his life history and published three books by editingessays on them. They showed his significant life stages in his personalhistory, his physical troubles caused by his habit of foods in the elderly age,and relationships with his wife and two daughters.Second, insisting that the decline of Japanese agriculture was necessary,at the same time he showed the perspective of development of newagriculture responding to advanced capitalism, high technology andglobalization. His discussions on Japanese agriculture were based on hisown viewpoints of advanced capitalism and high technology.Third, he developed the theory of agricultural village or community intwo directions. The first direction was discussions about interrelations ofagricultural villages and the Emperor system in modern Japan, and thesecond one was studies on communities in the formation of primitivesocieties in the Asian stage of the world history.