Departmental Bulletin Paper キルケゴールにおける伝達の二重性
A Study of Duality of Communicationin the Works of S. Kierkegaard

伊藤, 潔志

Among the works of S. Kierkegaard, those written under a pseudonym act as a form of indirectcommunication. These pseudonymous works create two dualities. The first is a microscopic dualitythat presents an “either-or” choice, in coordination with other works that he wrote under apen name. The second is a macroscopic duality that encourages existential leaps, in coordinationwith works written under his own name. In this case, Kierkegaard’s indirect communication presentsitself in three forms. His works under a pen name execute one form of indirect communication.In addition, when it comes to the microscopic duality between his pseudonymous worksand those of others, it suggests nihilism in that one cannot select either. This is the second typeof indirect communication. And in the macroscopic duality between the works he publishedunder his real name and those published under a pen name, he leads us to deeper considerations.This is the third type of indirect communication.Looking at it in this way, the significance of direct communication becomes clear. There isnothing particularly rare about direct communication itself as a method of communication. Upuntil now, attention has often been given to the importance of indirect communication inKierkegaard’s communication theory, while little attention has been paid to direct communication.However, in Kierkegaard’s works, direct communication is an essential element in order toachieve coordination with indirect communication. In other words, direct communication doesnot merely stand in contrast to indirect communication, but rather it combines with indirect communicationto allow for indirect communications in a broader framework. That is the significanceof direct communication in Kierkegaard’s theory of communication

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