Departmental Bulletin Paper オランダで迎える日本人の老い:在蘭日本人の高齢化に関する意識調査
Japanese International Migration and Ageing in the Netherlands:A Quantitative Survey on the Wellbeing of Elderly Japanese

金本, 伊津子

The first encounter of Japanese with Dutch people was in 1600, when the De Liefde drifted ashore on the coast of Usuki in Oita. Gyokuzan Hirayama, a Confucian scholar who boarded the ship, described them as demons, long-nosed goblins, or monsters. Komojin (紅毛人), which literarily means `red hair people', was the nickname of the Dutch people at that time. Trade between the two countries after the encounter led to relatively good relations, although they became strained when the Japanese military detained Dutch soldiers in Indonesia during WWII. After the war, with the increasing economic ties between the two countries, Japanese migration to the Netherlands was naturally facilitated. Seventy years have passed since the war ended and now about 1,500 Japanese people live as permanent residents in the Netherlands. Their residential distribution is widely scattered throughout the country and the interspersed Japanese communities are now facing ageing issues. They have devoted themselves to the establishment of their own elderly facilities that can provide Japanese-style care, but these issues have involved intercultural problems. This quantitative survey focusses on how the Japanese people in the Netherlands view ageing issues as long-term intercultural adaptation and how they are overcoming grave problems by utilizing the shared cultural awareness of the Japanese community.

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