Departmental Bulletin Paper 宝玉の「三大病」と荘子─『紅楼夢』第二十一回の脂評を基に─(高成廈教授・寺木伸明教授 退任記念号)
The `Three Serious Illnesses' of Bao-yu and the Legacy of Zhuangzi : An analysis of Red Inkstone's extrapolation of Dream of the Red Chamber ,Chapter 21(Special Issue Dedicated to Professor KO Sung-Ha,Professor TERAKI Nobuaki)

王, 竹

Of all the Zhuangzi 荘子-related scenes in the classical Chinese novel Dream of the Red Chamber 紅楼夢, chapter 21 is the most heavily indebted. Not only is it the first chapter to directly quote from Zhuangzi, it even has the hero Jia Bao-yu 賈宝玉begin writing a continuation of the book's Quejia-pian section, creating a completely new dimension for the story. While appearing to be an impulsive and unpremeditated act on the part of Bao-yu, for the author of the novel, Cao Xueqin 曹雪芹, the hero's `three serious illnesses' in fact made it inevitable. Hating to be told to do this or do that, Bao-yu longs for the freedom enjoyed by great birds that are able to fly freely in the sky. This is his first serious illness. Like Zhuangzi, Bao-yu also goes against the traditional values of Confucianism by showing respect for people's emotions. This is his second serious illness. Thirdly, like Zhuangzi and against the tenets of Confucianism, Bao-yu considers death as no more than a part of life, and feels that death can be overcome by taking on an indifferent attitude to the people he loves. This, `the venom of love', is his third serious illness. The legacy of Zhuangzi's ideas and his views on life and human nature are at the root of Bao-yu's "three serious illnesses". By revealing the nature of those serious illnesses immediately prior to his beginning to write a continuation of the Quejia-pian section of Zhuangzi, the literary critic Red Inkstone enabled readers to gain a better understanding of the book and of the role of the hero Jia Bao-yu.

Number of accesses :  

Other information