コンヴァンシオン理論と経済地理学─「生産の世界」論を中心として─(高成廈教授・寺木伸明教授 退任記念号)コンヴァンシオン理論と経済地理学─「生産の世界」論を中心として─(高成廈教授・寺木伸明教授 退任記念号)AA12704345 Convention Theory and Economic Geography(Special Issue Dedicated to Professor KO Sung-Ha,Professor TERAKI Nobuaki)
In this paper, the author reviews the methodological relations between convention theory and economic geography. Storper and Salais (1997) elucidated an international / inter-regional comparison of industrial agglomeration, and qualitatively explained it using "worlds of production" theory following the economics of convention. That is, rather than explaining diverse industrial concentrations in each country and region on the basis of a neoclassical uniform assumption of rational behavior of selfish individuals, they explain industrial regions and development paths from the point of view of non-economic factors such as conventions of participation and identity. In this respect, they differ from Scott (1988), which explains agglomeration from the new institutionalism viewpoint focusing on the reduction of transaction costs. Also, instead of emphasizing the cultural differences between countries and regions, Storper and Salais (1997) present a general framework, thereby enabling further international comparisons. A second point is their focus on variation among product technology, markets, and production methods (labor system). In economic geography, active debates in recent years have led to the introduction of regulation theory, the new industrial division of labor, flexible specialization, and so on, while emphasizing specific types of industries. Convention theory builds on the results of those debates, and considers solutions to issues of product quality and labor uncertainty, thus avoiding uniform, one-sided debates.