This paper mainly describes the so-called Galapagos Syndrome in Japanese public librarianship when it is compared with western countries including United States. U. S. public libraries are now looked upon as community anchor, which should walk together with community itself and its members. While there are generally a few computers in a Japanese public library, even in a U.S. branch library, it has usually a computer labo, and many black children use workstations, and play games and social media. Most Japanese people consider the public library as a free public book-lending institution. Though not a few active Japanese public libraries are tackling with new services, most of those confine their services to narrow traditional coverage. Anyway, in U. S. public librarianship,'literacy'is a keyword with regard to developing a new kind of library service. Within the mind of U. S. public librarians, `literacy' means the basic knowledge of every daily useful area, for example financial literacy and health literacy. Generally speaking, people expect public libraries to support whole of community in economic development. Recently, embedded librarianship is emerging in the United States, and they are dealing with community reference service. Today's public librarians ought to be community information scientists. They also should try to get various kinds of grants. By the way, massive digital reproduction of print media is pushed forward all over the world libraries. And present 21st century society is used to utilize digital contents. World's public librarians should offer them in careful consideration of library users'profits.