Departmental Bulletin Paper 健康な大学生に対する足浴・足部マッサージのリラクセーション効果の検討 : 自律神経活動・気分への影響
Effect of Foot Massage and Foot Bath for Healthy college students Influence to Autonomic Nerve Activity and Mood

鬼頭, 和子  ,  鈴木, 啓子  ,  きとう, かずこ  ,  すずき, けいこ  ,  Kito, Kazuko,  ,  Suzuki, Keiko  ,  名桜大学人間健康学部

(25)  , pp.151 - 156 , 2016-03 , 名桜大学総合研究所
ISSN:1881-5243
NCID:AA11740208
Description
本研究は,健康な大学生11名を被験者として,10分間の足浴と5分間の足部マッサージを行い自律神経活動および気分への影響を明らかにした。健康な大学生11名に, 10分間の足浴後,片足5分間の足部マッサージを行い,終了後10分間安静にした。自律神経活動は心拍変動を用い測定し,気分の変化はVASを用い測定しリラクセーション効果を検証した。その結果,生理学的変化では,血圧の平均値は,拡張期血圧は71.8mmHgからケア後66.6mmHgに低下したが有意差は認められなかった。収縮期血圧は,ケア前は119.5mmHgからケア後は103.6mmHgに有意に低下(p=0.02)した。心拍数は,前安静75.5回/分からマッサージが72.9回/分に有意に減少した。LF/HF成分の時系列変化は前安静3.5から,足浴中2.8,マッサージ中は2.9に減少し,後安静では3.53に上昇したが有意差は認められなかった。HFは前安静498.2から,足浴中571.3,マッサージ中577.4,後安静622.5と徐々に増加したが有意差は認められなかった。VASの平均値はケア前63.0mmからケア後は84.0mmに有意に上昇した(p=0.003)。以上から,10分間の足浴,片足5分の足部マッサージは生理的には概ねリラクセーション効果が確認され,心理的にリラックス感が高まることが示唆された。
In this research, a 10 minute foot bath and a five minute foot massage were performed with 11 healthy college students subjects, and the influences to the subjects' autonomic nerve activity and mood were clarified. After a 10 minute foot bath and 5 minute single foot massage was conducted with 11 healthy college students, they were placed at rest for 10 minutes. Autonomic Nerve Activity was measured using heart rate variability and the change in mood was measured using VAS to verify the relaxation effect. As a result, as for physiological changes, the average diastolic blood pressure decreased from 71.8 mmHg to 66.6 mmHg after the procedures, but no significant difference was observed. The average systolic blood pressure significantly decreased from 119.5 mmHg before the procedures to 103.6 mmHg after the care (p=0.02). The average resting heart rate significantly decreased from 75.5 before the care to 72.9 after massage. As for the change over time, LF/HF significantly changed from 3.5 at rest before care to 2.8 during the foot bath, to 2.9 during massage and increased to 3.53 during the final rest, but no significant difference was observed. HF gradually increased from 498.2 during rest before care to 571.3 during the foot bath, to 577.4 during massage and 622.5 during the rest after the care, but no significant difference was observed. The average value of VAS significantly increased from 63.0mm before care to 84.0mm after care (p=0.003). From the above, 10 minute foot bath and 5 minute single foot massage were verified to have physical relaxation effects by and large and it was suggested these practices psychologically increase the sense of relaxation.
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http://okinawa-repo.lib.u-ryukyu.ac.jp/bitstream/okinawa/19825/3/No25p151.pdf

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