タリツテキ ズイハンセイ セルフ エスティーム ノ ガイネン ト ソクテイホウ
The concept and measuring method of heteronomous（contingent）self-esteem
山崎, 勝之 ,
横嶋, 敬行 ,
賀屋, 育子 ,
山口, 悟史内田, 香奈子
15 , 2018-02-15 , 鳴門教育大学 , Naruto University of Education
Low self-esteem has been treated as one of the leading causes of maladaptive behaviors in schools and communities. However, in recent years, more and more studies have been denying the benefits of selfesteem, which lead to the reconsideration of the previous concept and measuring method. Especially, Yamasaki et al.（2017）developed a new concept termed "autonomous and heteronomous（contingent）selfesteem" aftrer referring the newly developed concepts by Deci and others' and Kernis' studies. They revealed that the autonomous self-esteem is beneficial for health, adjustment, and performcne, while heteronomous one is unbeneficail. Moreover, they indicated that autonomous self-esteem is unable to be consiciously measured utilizing self-reports, and then developed a new implicit association test（IAT）termed "Paper-and-Pencil Version of SE-IAT-C" for a group of children at schools. Meanwhile, they suggested that heteronomous self-esteem is able to be measured both consicously and nonconsicioulsy. After considering Yamasaki et al.'s notions, the current paper scrutinized the concept and measuring methods of the heteronomous self-esteem reviewing the past research. In doing so, we focused on how we can develop a questionnaire and an IAT for heteronomous self-esteem. Finally, we discussed how we utilize autonomous and heteronomous self-esteem measures in cultivating autnomous self-esteem with universal prevention programs.