Household consumption represents 60% to 70% of the GDP of a country and is a key factor in the national economy. The nature of consumptions and the factors affecting consumption are a complex system. In this paper, consumption is analyzed as the result of mixture of demographic, economic, household and retail factors. UK household consumption did grown at a slow but steady pace, due to a modest growth and an increase of population. However, more recently, there has been lower growth, higher prices, greater use of credit cards and larger mortgage repayments on housing. Effective prescriptions for these conditions include key policies, such as labor distribution, social security and even some price controls. These results suggest ways to help the current situation in Japan.