Departmental Bulletin Paper Subjective Well-being and Income Inequality

Sumi, Eiji

2pp.85 - 98 , 2016-03 , Center for Social Well-being Studies Institute for the Development of Social Intelligence Senshu University
MEXT-Supported Program for the Strategic Research Foundation at Private Universities (2014-2018)
Forming a Social Well-being Research Consortium in Asia
In this paper, we aim to examine how the municipal-level income inequality in terms of Gini coefficient is associated with individual Subjective Well-being (SWB) and clarify the effects of income inequality on individual SWB in different income brackets using logit model. Data set used in this study is based on individual data sourced from nationwide surveys in Japan. The main conclusions of the study are as follows. First, we found a positive correlation between income inequality at municipal level and individual SWB in entire sample. However this was true for the male sample, but not the female sample. Secondly, we found that individual earners with low and middle income status living in high income inequality resions have smaller possibilities of being happy than others. Specifically, we clarified that working age men with low and middle income status living in high income inequality regions are more likely to have lower happiness, while the same effect could not be clearly confirmed for women.

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