Departmental Bulletin Paper Empirical Analysis of Community Bonding Social Capital : Impacts in Emergency and Normal Times in Japan

Marumo, Yuichi

2pp.51 - 83 , 2016-03 , Center for Social Well-being Studies Institute for the Development of Social Intelligence Senshu University
MEXT-Supported Program for the Strategic Research Foundation at Private Universities (2014-2018)
Forming a Social Well-being Research Consortium in Asia
We conducted a nationwide survey of Japan regarding community bonding Social Capital (SC) by constructing three-factor SEM models. The SEM models contained a model for normal times and another for in emergencies. As a result, in the model for normal times, the exogenous variable "Participation in neighborhood activities" had a strong effect on the latent variable "Neighborhood interaction." In the emergency model, "Participation in neighborhood activities" was an exogenous variable and had a medium level effect on the latent variable "Expectations of community in a disaster." As features of this model, (1) "Participation in neighborhood activities" and "Expectations of public assistance in a disaster" are weak inverse correlations judging from the direct effect, and (2) local residents are just as aware of civic engagement, which has been considered the scope of network SC to date, as they are of neighborhood activities.

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