Thesis or Dissertation Difference in the Electromyographic Onset of the Deep and Superficial Multifidus during Shoulder Movement while Standing

Abiko, Teppei  ,  Shimamura, Ryota  ,  Ogawa, Daisuke  ,  Abiko, Yoko  ,  Hirosawa, Masaki  ,  Momose, Natsumi  ,  Tsuchihashi, Wataru  ,  Suzuki, Takaharu  ,  Takei, Hitoshi

pp.1 - 11 , 2015-04-07
Description
Based on the current literature, it remains unclear whether electromyographic onset of the deep fibers of the multifidus (DM) is dependent on the direction of shoulder movement and the position of the center of foot pressure (CFP). In the present study, we re-examined the electromyographic onset of the DM during shoulder flexion and extension and investigated the influence of the CFP position before arm movement. Intramuscular and surface electrodes recorded the electromyographic onset of the DM, superficial fibers of the multifidus (SM), rectus abdominis, and anterior and posterior deltoid. Eleven healthy participants performed rapid, unilateral shoulder flexion and extension in response to audio stimuli at three CFP positions: quiet standing, extreme forward leaning, and extreme backward leaning. It was found that the electromyographic onset of the DM and SM relative to the deltoid was dependent on the direction of arm movement. Additionally, of all electromyographic onsets recorded, only that of the DM occurred earlier in the extreme forward leaning position than in the extreme backward leaning position during shoulder flexion. These results suggest that the electromyographic onset of DM was influenced by the biomechanical disturbance such as shoulder movement and CFP position.
首都大学東京, 2015-09-30, 博士(理学療法学), 甲第619号
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