Departmental Bulletin Paper 第三のカラー・ラインと「日本人」カテゴリ : <帝国>の振る舞いコードの共有度合いによるヒエラルキー
Aversive Racism and “Japanese” Category : Hierarchy Based on Degree of Behavioral Code Sharing Across Empire

前田, 悟志

36pp.1 - 24 , 2015-12 , 首都大学東京・都立大学社会学研究会
Are common sense and behavioral codes becoming more commensurable across national and ethnic boundaries as globalization advances? Aversive racism, also known as the third color line, is a different concept than the classical understanding of racism, which is based on biological differences. It is a social boundary based on behavioral codes and differences in social norms. It arose in the post-industrial globalized society and demarcates peoples in personal settings even after political and economic boundaries are overcome. This research pursued subjective experiences that Japanese people undergo in “Western” societies. The literature review was made mainly on those from the J-Stage platform and well-known literature from other sources. Based on the literature review and incorporation of data retrieved from interviews conducted separately, three findings were derived: (i) reflecting the rise of China, the “Western” attitude towards “Japanese” people might have relented; (ii) Japan is no longer the lone player from the East in the West; and (iii) the basic structural frame of ethnic hierarchy has not changed in terms of the Western-centric perspective. The third finding was drawn based on empirical qualitative research involving 12 interviews with Japanese men and women who have rich experience dealing with “Western” people. The interviews focused on their relational fitness with “Westerners”. The results suggest that the arrays of previous research which labeled certain behavior as “cultural unfitness” or failure of “cultural adaptation” described a phenomenon that other people called “aversive racism” or “new racism”. This new racism, which the “Japanese” occasionally face, sheds light on the dynamics of ethnic hierarchy that otherwise might be obscured. Therefore, more attention and further developments in this line of research is necessary.

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