Departmental Bulletin Paper 終身宣教師への道 : Esther L. Hibbard の場合
The road to becoming a permanent missionary : the case of Esther L. Hibbard
枝澤, 康代

50pp.68 - 96 , 2015-07-26京都 , 同志社女子大学英語英文学会
 There are many studies about the missionaries who were sent to Japan by the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. Most of these studies, however, are about those who came to Japan around the 1860s to 1900s, and unfortunately there are only a few about those who, like Dr. Esther L. Hibbard, came after that, entering environments where most of the early difficulties of mission work had already been settled and where quite good results had been obtained here and there. Hibbard came to Japan in September 1929, when Doshisha had already become a large educational enterprise and its relationship with the American Board was good after a time of their severe problems. This paper aims to describe a part of Hibbard's life, focusing on her turning point of becoming a permanent missionary in April 1933. Accepting a permanent positon was not an easy decision for her because the economies of both the United States and Japan were mired in the Great Depression and her family, especially her mother, eagerly wanted her to come home. Against such a backdrop, there must have been a drama involved in her final decision. I focused on turning points to see what kinds of dramas developed between the missionaries and the mission board. The data I used in this paper are mainly from 1) the American Board's missionary documents stored in the Houghton Library at Harvard University, 2) Hibbard's personal correspondence to her family kept at the Wisconsin Historical Society Archives, and 3) other related materials. Please note this paper is a continuation of and supplement to my previous paper, "Miss Hibbard's First Year in Japan : The Start of a Remarkable Missionary Career," published in Asphodel, Vol. 48, 2013, pp. 96-124.

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