The Reasons Why Schools Adopt the International Baccalaureate Programmes: A Review of the LiteratureThe Reasons Why Schools Adopt the International Baccalaureate Programmes: A Review of the LiteratureAN00149431
The purpose of this paper is to review literature on the reasons for the adoption ofthe International Baccalaureate (hereafter called IB) programmes by school leadersaround the world. The result of this literature review suggests that there are significantvariations among IB schools in the world with regard to why they decided to use the IBprogrammes. School leaders seem to adopt the IB programmes for various reasons beyondthe IB foundersʼ original intentions, which include: fostering internationalism in a schoolcommunity; being accountable to stakeholders and local authorities; and gainingcompetitive advantage in an education (or a quasi-education) market. The findings of this study should remind researchers, as well as parents and otherstakeholders, that discussing the IB programmes by putting all IB schools in one basketmay lead to misunderstanding. School leaders of each IB schools have their own motivesas well as strategies for using the IB programmes that reflect the social, political andeconomic circumstances in the regions where the schools are situated.