紀要論文 初年次学生の相互作用の促進を目指した授業の試み : 詩「変化」を題材に

舛田, 弘子

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論文
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大学初年次の学生に対し,他者との適切な相互作用を促し,また学習への興味や意欲を喚起することを主な目的に,①文章の論理構造を適切に理解する,②他者との意見交換を行う,③全体に対して適切な発表を行う,の3点の教育目標に基づく,詩を題材とした授業を行った。大学1年生16名が,(1)分割された詩を読み独力で時系列的に配列する,(2)グループで最適な配列について議論する,(3)合意した配列について発表する・発表を聞く,(4)活動の感想を書く,という活動に取り組んだ。その結果,教育目標①については,ことばが変化することで意味内容が変化し,それが配列の手がかりとなることが十分理解された。②については,学生間の意見交換が行われ,それへの肯定的な感想が見られた。そして③については,説得力のある説明を試みたことが発言から伺えた。このように,本実践の教育目標はほぼ達成され,また学生にも好評であった。一方で,集団での議論を通じて回答を出す中での問題点も観察された。初年時教育におけるこのような授業について更に検討していくことが今後重要だと考えられる。
The classwork was conducted to facilitate the first grade students on the appropriate interaction with the classmates and to enhance them the interest and motivation for the study in university. The classwork used a poem as text, and was constructed of three educational goals;(1) to comprehend the logical structure of the text appropriately,(2) to discuss with other classmates, and(3) to make appropriate presentation for the class. 16 first year students attended the activities-(1) of reading the divided poem cards by themselves and sorting them in time order,(2) of discussing with the other classmates in the small group to decide the best sorts of the poem,(3) of presenting their own arrangement to the class and listening to the presentation of the other groups, and 4) of writing their opinion on the classwork. The results were as follows; On the goal(1), it was understood by the students that the variation of the words used in the poem reflects the change of the imprecation of the poem, and that both of them are the key for sorting the poem cards. On the goal(2), students had positive opinion on having discussion with other classmates. And on the goal(3), it was suggested that students tried to make persuasive explanation how they decided the order of the poem cards. It was concluded that the educational goals were almost achieved, and that students had positive opinion on the classwork itself. Some problems were observed, however, in making decision through the group discussion. Further imprecation was discussed.
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http://sgulrep.sgu.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/10742/2033/1/JB-99-001.pdf

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