Departmental Bulletin Paper 中国内モンゴルにおける農牧業生産の変容と地帯構成

佐々木, 達

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本稿は内モンゴル自治区を対象に,経済成長が著しい2000年代の農牧業生産の変容と地帯構成を明らかにすることを目的とする.内モンゴルの経済は,2000年代に入って目覚ましい成長を遂げてきた.その成長を牽引してきたのが,工業化を支える地下鉱物資源の供給と食料供給を増大させてきた農牧業生産力の発展である.現局面における内モンゴルの農牧業の地帯構成は,生産拠点としての地位が強化される「農牧業併進地域」,生産量が伸び悩む「草地型牧畜業地域」,生産限界地として後退的性格を示し始めた「農牧業限界地域」,農業と牧畜業が複合的に結びついた「酪農地域」の4つの類型として把握することができる.
After the reform and opening of China’s economy in 1978,the Chinese government dissolved the people’s communes in rural areas and instituted the household contract responsibility system meant to ensure the autonomy of farm household management and to motivate farm production. In the process, the main food producing areas in the coastal and southwest regions increasingly lost agricultural land to urbanization and industrialization,and the regional structure of agricultural production largely shifted from the heretofore “south supplies the north”structure to the “north supplies the south”structure of production. On the other hand,during this same period the economy of Inner Mongolia grew rapidly;the region has held the number one position consecutively since 2002 in terms of total production growth. What drove this growth was the rapid development of the agriculture and livestock industries based on the household contract responsibility system and the existence of underground mineral resources such as coal and rare metals. This study aims to clarify the regional composition and change of agricultural crops and livestock production in Inner Mongolia, since the 2000-2010 gave impetus to the growth of economy.
教養教育
Liberal Arts
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