Departmental Bulletin Paper 中国内モンゴルにおける農牧業生産の変容と地帯構成

佐々木, 達

Liberal Arts
After the reform and opening of China’s economy in 1978,the Chinese government dissolved the people’s communes in rural areas and instituted the household contract responsibility system meant to ensure the autonomy of farm household management and to motivate farm production. In the process, the main food producing areas in the coastal and southwest regions increasingly lost agricultural land to urbanization and industrialization,and the regional structure of agricultural production largely shifted from the heretofore “south supplies the north”structure to the “north supplies the south”structure of production. On the other hand,during this same period the economy of Inner Mongolia grew rapidly;the region has held the number one position consecutively since 2002 in terms of total production growth. What drove this growth was the rapid development of the agriculture and livestock industries based on the household contract responsibility system and the existence of underground mineral resources such as coal and rare metals. This study aims to clarify the regional composition and change of agricultural crops and livestock production in Inner Mongolia, since the 2000-2010 gave impetus to the growth of economy.

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