Departmental Bulletin Paper オルタナティブな婚姻の制度的包摂:別氏婚・同姓婚をめぐる公共的理性
The Institutional Inclusion of Alternative Marriage Forms: Public Reasons for Separate-Surname Marriage and Same-Sex Marriage

金野, 美奈子(1966-)

4pp.13 - 28 , 20160302 , 東京女子大学現代教養学部国際社会学科社会学専攻紀要編集委員会
In a liberal political society where individuals adhere to diverse and incompatible worldviews, how is it possible to find a just institutional arrangement that can be sincerely supported by all as a mode of living together? Public reason, a central ideal of John Rawls’ political liberalism, points to a promising approach. Public reason demands that our arguments about society’s basic institutional structure be based on public political values that rest on the perspectives of free and equal citizens. This paper is a response to his call and presents a public reason argument for the institutional inclusion of alternative marriage forms. The institution of family is an important part of society’s basic structure, and marriage is at its core.
This paper focuses on two alternatives, separate-surname marriage and same-sex marriage. Separate-surname marriage has been a controversial issue in Japan, a country that continues to require married couples to use a common surname, while same-sex marriage has recently emerged as a political agenda. Although numerous arguments for the institutional inclusion of alternative forms of marriage have been developed, most are not based on the use of public reason in a pluralistic liberal society. This paper reexamines eachof the above alternatives based on two public political values; the value of personal caregiving relationships and the value of orderly reproduction, to see whether public reason can support their inclusion as social institutions. The concluding section responds to possible criticisms of this approach and defends the ideal of public reason in a broader context.

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