Departmental Bulletin Paper 東アジア仏教における多羅菩薩の変容 : 図像学の特徴をもとに
Transformation of Tara in East Asian Buddhism: With Special Reference to Iconographical Features

索南, 卓瑪

11pp.413 - 432 , 2018-03-31 , 関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
文部科学省グローバルCOEプログラム 関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点
There are many different Buddhist statues in the monasteries of East Asian, yet after Buddhism began in India in the sixth century B.C, there were no Buddhist statues for a long time, It was not until the emergence of Mahayana Buddhist in the first century that Buddhist statues began to be made; for several centuries this Buddhist art took the from of Exoteric Buddhist. By the eighth century, Vajrayāna esoteric Buddhism resulted in a diversification of Buddhist statues. In particular, there are images of the mother of the Buddha, Wisdom Queens, Dakini, and other goddesses. As Tanaka (2009) has indicated, with the development of Mahayana Buddhism, there emerged the nation that women could also become enlightened in their own female bodies. In the age of esoteric Buddhism, the mother of Buddha took on the same status as Buddha himself. Therefore, with the development and dissemination of esoteric Buddhism, various goddesses appeared. Subsequently, these goddesses crosses the border of India to spread throughout the East Asian region, In each case, the goddesses assimilated the ethnic and aesthetic characteristics of the areas they came into contact with. This paper focuses on the Transformation of Tara in East Asian through examination of the goddess's iconographic feature.

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