文部科学省グローバルCOEプログラム 関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点 ［東アジアの歴史と動態］ In this article, I gather materials concerning the transfer of documents in the wooden tablets of Liye; being impossible to ask questions from historical records, I investigated the actual reality of the transfer of documents at the prefectural level during the Qin dynasty. According to the analysis, it is possible to confirm the clear division of the fixed format of the records of the forwarding and of the responsible for the transfer. Furthermore, the analysis points out the existence of A sophisticated system for the transfer of documents that was not clearly stated in the legal system of the Qin dynasty, such as the structure consisting of multiple organizations for the management in several departments. On the base of these results, the question of when and how was born the system for the transfer of documents, until now based on studies about the wooden strips of Juyan, should not be dealt with only by comparing the legal system of Qin and Han dynasties; it becomes possible, instead, a research approach that compares different points in different periods and areas, such as with the wooden tablets of Liye, the wooden strips of Xuanquan and those of Juyuan. While reflecting on these themes, we should from now discuss about the system for the transfer of documents in the Qin and Han dynasties.