なぜ近代日本では「書は美術ならず」なのか : 官設美術展における書と美術の乖離なぜ近代日本では「書は美術ならず」なのか : 官設美術展における書と美術の乖離AA12327433 Why Wast't Calligraphy Considered Art in Early Modern Japan? : The Divergance of Calligraphy and Art in the Ministry of Japanese Government Sponsored Exhibitions
文部科学省グローバルCOEプログラム 関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点 ［東アジアの思想と構造］ Expositions and art exhibitions were introduced to Japan from Europe. Japan, which was westernizing at a rapid rate, participated in expositions and exhibitions at the same time, actively sponsored expositions and art exhibitions at home. Because of Japonism, which had come into vogue in the west, Japanese art was exported in large quantities to Europe and the United States. Against this background, Japan's first National Industrial Exhibition was held in 1881. Calligraphical works were entered in the art section. However, in the later Ministry of Education-sponsored art exhibitions called "the first Bunten", "Imperial Art Exhibition (Teiten)", "New Ministry of Art Exhibition (Shin Bunten)", held between 1907-1944, calligraphy was excluded, resulting in a divergance between calligraphy and fine arts.