1930年代前期英日在华南的势力消长与政策調整 : 以鼓浪屿会审公堂撤废交涉为例1930年代前期英日在华南的势力消长与政策調整 : 以鼓浪屿会审公堂撤废交涉为例AA12327433 Britain and Japan's Influence and Policies in the Southern China in the Early 1930s.: Take the Negotiation on Abolition of Kulangsu Mixed Court as an Example
文部科学省グローバルCOEプログラム 関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点 ［東アジアの思想と構造］ The case of Shanghai Mixed Court has been attracting people's attention for many years because of referring to the judicial reformation in modern China. However, it has not been researched due to lack of historical data in mainland China about the negotiation on Kulangsu Mixed Court related to the case. This paper has cleared up the whole process of the negotiation on Kulangsu Mixed Court from 1930 to 1934 based on the newly-founded data from the Foreign Office of Britain and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, and found two points in the history of political diplomacy. First, although the case of the Shanghai Mixed Court meant a success of China's judicial diplomacy to gain some kind of legality position, the case of Kulangsu Mixed court cannot be easily solved by copying the experience of that in Shanghai. Second, the case of Kulangsu Mixed court showed two absolutely different attitudes of British and Japanese toward the circumstance and diplomatic policy. The British consul considered the case as the Chinese government were interfering the autonomy in the concession, judging that the consular coups had lost confidence facing with the uprising anti-foreign movements after the May Thirtieth Movement and it was the turbulence of administration and public security in the concession that caused the British government's negative action and the ebb tide of people's force. On the contrary, the Japanese consul had been understanding the case together with the mixed court. Due to the southern-moving emphasis on its colonization, Japan was more emphasizing on Taiwanese people's exterritoriality, inducing the consular coups to suppress the National Government's movement on canceling the mixed court. After quitting from League of Nations in 1933, Japan was tending to face with the turbulence in China on its own, so it paid more attention to its "registered citizens", hoping them to be the "moderator" in the contradiction between China and Japan.