文部科学省グローバルCOEプログラム 関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点 ［東アジアの思想と構造］ The early Meiji period (1868-1912) saw a great influx into Japan of Western technology and institutions, as well as many new ideas and philosophies. After the repealing in 1873 of the Edo era edict banning the practice of Christianity, Japanese were again able to practice and promote the faith with relative freedom. This freedom increased again with the introduction of a new law in 1889, which also allowed for foreign missionaries to be able to openly carry out missionary work. Japanese intellectuals' response to Christianity during this time ranged from conversion to outright hostility. Fujisawa Nangaku (1842-1920), head of the Hakuen Academy, a school for classical Chinese studies in Osaka, was a highly influential figure who was also active in the promotion of Confucianism. Unfortunately there is no prior research on Nangaku's view of Christianity. This paper therefore aims to fill this lacuna in Nangaku and Hakuen studies. It is the contention of this paper that Nangaku was overall hostile to Christianity, and that he attacked Christian thought as being incommensurable with the Confucian understanding of ethical human relations.