文部科学省グローバルCOEプログラム 関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点 [東アジアの言語と表象] Literati paintings in East Asia underwent a dramatic transformation between the late 19th century and the early 20th century while also preserving traditional quality. This new form is exemplified in paintings done by literati Tomioka Tessai and Wu Changshuo. The two artists' works have primarily been studied within an individual framework as well as in terms of the subjects of their paintings and inscriptions, but previous research has lacked discussion on the plasticity of their works. However, viewing Tessai and Wu's paintings merely as superior literati paintings with excellent academic implications provides only a partial picture; the real significance of Tessai and Wu's art works lies in their abstract plasticity comparable to that of their globally acclaimed counterparts in the 20th century. In other words, Tessai and Wu's paintings display characteristics that are strongly reminiscent of 20th century avant-garde art, and only when their paintings are examined from this perspective, does their true value become apparent.