“数词”及“助词” : 十九世纪外国传教士和学者对汉语量词的理解“数词”及“助词” : 十九世纪外国传教士和学者对汉语量词的理解AA12327433 Between "numerals" and "auxiliary words" : Chinese classifiers through the eyes of foreign scholars and missionaries of the 19th century
文部科学省グローバルCOEプログラム 関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点 ［東アジアの言語と表象] Together with the analysis and classification of "full words" and "empty words" as well as parts of speech, classifiers have always represented one of the main focuses of analyses carried out by foreign missionaries and scholars in grammar and teaching materials compiled for studying Chinese. In this article, I will briefly describe and analyse the lexicographical contribution to the history of the Chinese language provided by different foreign scholars. The article will focus on the classification and description of classifiers as expressed in different lexicographical works, particularly grammatical and miscellaneous texts edited between the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. The author will particularly highlight how the value of these analyses has not always moved forward in a linear way; they frequently show, instead, discrepancies and uncertainties, but at the same time they often reveal enlightening considerations ahead of their time.