Even with changes in the usage of energy resources in early modern times, such as relatively new sources of fuel such as coal, oil and gas, charcoal continued to be the staple fuel source used by the majority of people in Japan from the late 19th to the early 20th century. In Taiwan, at the time a Japanese colony, charcoal, had mainly been used as fuel in the production of tea. With the migration of Japanese to the islands, together with the encouragement of the colonial government, charcoal began to be produced in large quantities in Taiwan and exported abroad, particularly to mainland Japan. Accordingly, the link between Taiwan's charcoal industry and the Japanese charcoal market strengthened. Taiwan became a production site that provided a large quantity of charcoal to Japan, and eventually played an important role in ensuring Japan's fuel supply until the end of the Second World War. This article aims to clarify the historical development and historical significance of the charcoal industry in Taiwan by focusing on articles from the Taiwan Daily News (臺灣日日新報).