Departmental Bulletin Paper 江户末期卷菱湖对中国篆书书法的接受情况
The Reception of Qing Chinese Seal Script Calligraphy in the Late Edo Period Maki Ryoko as a Case Study

曹, 悦

Description
The reign of the Tokugawa Shogunate was similar to the Chinese Qing dynasty. The Tokugawa Shogunate enacted a cultural and educational policy that resulted in the revolution of calligraphic style. Two styles of calligraphy developed: Karayo (Chinese Style) and Wayo (Japanese Style). Karayo was developed by Kitajima Setsuzan. After him the three most influential Karayo calligraphers of the late Edo period were Ichigawa Beian, Maki Ryoko and Nukina Suo, who were known as the Bakumatsu Sanpitsu. Seal script calligraphy is less practical than clerical script, regular script, and running hand script. Seal script calligraphy experienced a renaissance during the Qing dynasty, rising in importance. It went through a number of innovations during this time, and it is important to note that Karayo developed alongside these innovations and can be thought to have been influenced by them. In this essay, an example of Maki Ryoko's work will be examined in order to discuss the process of reception of Qing calligraphic style in the late Edo period.
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https://kuir.jm.kansai-u.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/10112/11534/1/KU-1100-20171130-08.pdf

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