Departmental Bulletin Paper 観察する女性/観察される女性 シカゴ学派社会学におけるジェンダー
While Women were Observed as the Social problem, Women Also Observed the City ― Gender relations in the Chicago School of Sociology in the early 20th century

酒井, 千絵

48 ( 2 )  , pp.53 - 79 , 2017-03-31 , 関西大学社会学部
This paper examines womenʼs role as researcher as well as research subject in the early Chicago School of Sociology. Since the founding of the University of Chicago in 1892, Chicago has become the center of sociological research in the United States of America. In the newly developed city of Chicago, sociologists were already researching social change and its problems. In sociological research women mainly appeared as examples of social dysfunction, such as prostitutes or teenage runaways, for example, but female researchers and social reformers played an important role in the way the Chicago School of Sociology grew and progressed. Looking at three published pieces of research (Hull-Houseʼs “Maps and Papers”,Paul G. Cresseyʼs “The Taxi-Dance Hall”,and Frances Donovanʼs “The Woman Who Waits”) and unpublished documents archived in the special collections of the University of Chicago Library, this paper makes clear that womenʼs point of view was crucial in the development of sociology in Chicago.

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