Departmental Bulletin Paper 清末広西省における日本製紙幣の導入
Guangxi province introduced Paper Currency made in Japan during Late Qing Dynasty

何, 娟娟

10pp.741 - 748 , 2017-03-31 , 関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
文部科学省グローバルCOEプログラム 関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点
China's foreign trade began after mid-19th century when China was forced to open its door to the outside world, therefore a great deal of China's silver cash flew out of the country while large quantity of foreign silver dollars flooded into the local market. During the reign of late Qing Dynasty, there was not a united state bank, the central and local governments had the mintages of their own, hence many mints at that time. Many people even coined money in private. Money coined by different provincial governments was not only of varied names, but also of varied qualities. It was even worse for the private coinage, much inferior money was found in the market, resulting in great market disorder. Besides, the insufficient exploitation of copper in Yunnan and lead in Guizhou led to the shortage of copper-made official money, the private money was prevailing in the market which disturbed considerably the economic growth in local markets. Guangxi is the birthplace of the Taiping revolution. During the period from Jintian Uprising in 1851 to Nanjing Occupation in 1864, the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom issued several kinds of copper-made coins to fight against the suppression of Qing government, support their military expansion and military expenditure rise. These coins were once circulated in certain parts of Guangxi. Guangdong is China's gate to the outside world, the foreign money flew into many provinces unexpectedly. As a neighbor, Guangxi was inevitably impacted by various money circulated in Guangdong. In 1906, Zhang Mingqi, Governor of Guangxi, proposed to follow the Great Britain and Japan to set up official banks and issue banknotes. During this process, Japan Printing Bureau was commissioned to make Japan-version banknotes. In this regard, this paper illustrates Bank of Guangxi's introducing Japan-made banknotes and the process of commissioning Japan Printing Bureau.

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