紀要論文 The Founding of Singapore and the Chinese Kongsis of West Borneo (ca.1819-1840)

CHAN, Ying-kit

7pp.99 - 121 , 2016-03 , Society for Cultural Interaction in East Asia
ISSN:18845916
NII書誌ID(NCID):AA12465594
内容記述
Many historians have examined why Singapore failed to be a major trading center before the nineteenth century. This paper revisits the current scholarly literature on the founding of Singapore to make two arguments. First, I argue that we cannot understand the founding of Singapore and its role in the British Second Empire without delineating Singapore's role as a forest- and marine-goods metropolis in the precolonial Chinese trading networks of Southeast Asia. Second, I try to show how the Chinese kongsis 公司 of West Borneo turned Singapore into a forest- and marine-goods metropolis, formed their own political and social institutions, and collectively functioned as a third autonomous pseudostate power alongside the British and the Dutch. This reconceptualization enables us to see the founding of Singapore as a joint enterprise, and not a solely British achievement.
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https://kuir.jm.kansai-u.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/10112/10544/1/KU-0400-20160300-08.pdf

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