||A comparison of cognitive processing during cloze and multiple-choice reading tests using brain activation
MIZUMOTO, Atsushi ,
IKEDA, MaikoTAKEUCHI, Osamu
ARELE (Annual Review of English Language Education in Japan)
80 , 2016-03-31 , Japan Society of English Language Education
This study compares cognitive processing and cerebral activation during a cloze test to a multiple-choice reading test. Data were obtained through an innovative neuroimaging technique (near-infrared spectroscopy, NIRS) and stimulated recall interviews. Fifteen Japanese EFL (English as a foreign language) learners participated. Greater brain activation was observed in the cloze condition than in the multiple-choice condition. Individual variation in degree of cerebral activation was also found and further examined by referencing the stimulated recall interviews. Pedagogical and research implications are provided, especially emphasizing that practitioners and researchers should exercise caution and informed judgment when they use cloze tests.