Fujisawa Togai and the Chinese seven-stringed qin: Concerning his lineage and style of playing, his study of the qin, and the events and gatherings he hosted
165 , 2016-04-01 , 関西大学東西学術研究所
Fujisawa Togai (1794‒1864) -founder of the Chinese studies academy Hakuen Shoin and responsible for the revival of the Confucian school of Ogyu Sorai-loved the music of the seven-stringed Chinese qin, as Sorai had before him, and was also known during his day as a master of playing the instrument. This paper reports the following research and analysis in an effort to clarify the historical facts surrounding Togai’s relationship with the qin. In the first section, there is a brief discussion of the lineage of qin-playing to which Togai belonged, and of Sorai’s study of the qin, which probably inﬂuenced Togai. The second section traces Togai’s connections, through the qin, with contemporaries such as Chokai Setsudo, Abe Kenshu, Sogo Setsudo, Nomura Kosetsu, Kogaku Yushin, and Mega Yusho. The third section uses qin scores and books on the qin in the collection of Hakuen Shoin to specify the pieces that Togai probably studied and played (about thirty in all) and to speculate on what he might have learned from the literature on the qin that he read and consulted (including Ogyu Sorai’s writings on the qin). Finally, in the fourth section, Togai’s essays, “Kogetsu kinki” and “Kinkai ki”, are scrutinized for what they reveal about the events and gatherings related to the qin that Togai engaged in with his teacher and fellow players, giving us a glimpse of Togai’s frame of mind and the nature of his friendships mediated through his musical activity.