東アジアの歴史と動態 文部科学省グローバルCOEプログラム 関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点 This paper discusses the methods of identification of the icon of animals. The problem that how to identify the icons in the pictures precisely has come up to us, as the importance of images and pictures in study of history being claimed in latest years. And the icons of animals, especially those were created by people as fictions, are facing a serious situation of hard to be identified. Usually, to identify an icon of a fiction animal, we depend on our experience built of books and historical materials. But that could cause a problem as we always tend to ignore the time and place that the images or pictures were created. This paper will take the icon of Long (龍)on the Stone Relief of the Handynasty as an attempt to find out a more practical method to identify the icons ofanimals.