東アジアの思想と構造 文部科学省グローバルCOEプログラム 関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点 Contemporary New and Neo-Confucianism is a part of cultural conservatism. It was born under the crisis of meaning in modern China. The development and its process of Confucianism can be divided into the following four periods: (1) the May Fourth Movement period; (2) the Second Sino-Japanese War period; (3) Hong Kong and Taiwan period that is after the Chinese Confucian philosophers left mainland China under the control of Mao Zedong and the Communist Party of China; (4) overseas period-after the extension of both economic reform and open-door policy, Confucianism developed at overseas is reimported to mainland China. Three generations and 14 people, such as Liang Shuming, Xiong Shili, Ma Yifu, Zhang Junmai, Feng Youlan, Mou Zongsan, Du Weiming, etc. represent Confucianism formed from the modern period until the present. This paper deals with a compendium of information on their philosophies, and also talks about my view of the Confucian philosophy.