The Transition of Thoughts on Girls' Education of Japan in the Late 19th Century : Focusing on NISHIMURA Shigeki, FUKUZAWA Yukichi, and MORI Arinori's Educational Ideas
236 , 2016-03-31 , 関西大学大学院東アジア文化研究科
Being representative of Asian girls' education Confucian ideas that influenced East Asia for about two-hundred years shouldn't be ignored. Although Confucianism seeminglydoes not take girls' education seriously you will find it not true if you have read the classics of Confucianism such as the Four Books and Five Classics (四書五経). What's more whether it's Japan China or Korea it can be inferred that East Asia does have the custom of teaching girls through the ages judging from the large number of talented women. Why does Confucianism still have the image of slighting girls and girls' education? One important reason I am considering is that girls' education was not included in the state's educational system. On the other hand Western countries in early modern times implemented occupational education for women which provided them opportunities to work in society. It is thought that this is why when Western countries colonized heretofore closed Asian countries they actively promoted women's education based on Christian thought. In this paper Japan in the beginning of Meiji period will be focused on for unique perspectives on girls' education referring to Western educational ideas and the influence that Japan's westernized educational system had on other East Asian countries. In particular how Japan dealt with trends in Western thought what continued intact and what was changed in the unique Confucian view of women will be examined. I will make clear the status and meaning of Japan's approach to women's education in modern times.