東アジアの言語と表象 文部科学省グローバルCOEプログラム 関西大学文化交渉学教育研究拠点 The paintinggs by Rin Ryoen, a painter in Osaka painting school (Osaka gadan), were influenced by the Kano school, the Shijo school, the literati paintings, the Nanbin school, and Western paintings, as well as Ming and Qing paintings. The range of his paintings is so diverse it is hard to encapsulate his entire collection in one phrase. Ryoen's multi-faceted collection typifies works by Osaka painters, who had the liberty of making art without worrying about the constraint of the relationship between a master and an apprentice. Unlike Edo and Kyoto art circles, which enforced strict master-apprentice relationship, Osaka painting school allowed painters to adopt painting styles beyond the boundaries of schools under more flexible master-apprentice relationship. Osaka painting school thus provided the ground for a broad spectrum of paintings like Ryoen's. If I were to choose a word that characterizes Ryoen's painting style that is consistent throughout his diverse collection, it would be "eccentric."