1881－1885年のアメリカ茶葉市場における日中緑茶競争 ―日本領事報告を中心に―1881－1885年のアメリカ茶葉市場における日中緑茶競争 ―日本領事報告を中心に― The Competition between Chinese Green Tea and Japanese Green Tea in American Market from 1881 to 1885 ―Based on the Report of Japanese Consul to the U.S.
東アジアの歴史と動態 Before Japanese green tea gained access to the American market, Chinese green tea essentially held a monopoly over the entire U.S market. Without any doubt China at that time was the major exporter of green tea to the U.S., with a market share of more than 90%. However, since the introduction of Japanese green tea into America in 1868, the predominant position of Chinese green tea became weakened. As Japanese tea began to share the market with Chinese tea, the competition between these two countries became more and more fierce, reaching its peak in the 1880s. New York and San Francisco were the largest trading ports in the U. S. and a large amount of imported tea was traded and transferred there. This paper, through examining a report of the Japanese Consul to the U.S., will examine the competition between Chinese green tea and Japanese green tea at these two ports