The Logistics of Movements of People to East and Southeast Asia Conducted by Chinese Junks during the Qing Dynasty
57 , 2015-04-01 , 関西大学東西学術研究所
Ming’s “Haijin（ a ban on overseas trade）” policy was maintained even during the turbulent era of the seventeenth century when Cheng of Taiwan started to resist thecontrol of the Qing Dynasty. The latter Dynasty then issued the “Evacuation order” to block Cheng’s maritime activities. Thus, the “Haijin” policy was not lifted at the beginning of the Qing Dynasty. However, after Cheng surrendered himself to the Qing Dynasty in 1683, maritime trade among Chinese people living on the sea coast took off, as the order to encourage overseas trade was issued. It was Chinese sailing boats that contributed much to the trade and cultural exchanges with Japan, East Asia and Southeast Asia. The most active were what they called the Greatest Four Types of sailing boats of the Qing Dynasty, that is, “sand boats”, “bird boats”, “happiness boats” and “wide boats”. This article focuses on the contributions made by Chinese sailing activity to mutual exchangesof people and commodities around the waters of East and Southeast Asia during the Qing dynasty.