The Türk Leaders and Li Shimin: The Loose-rein Control of Türks during the Taizong Period of Tang
99 , 2015-04-01 , 関西大学東西学術研究所
This paper investigates the process by which regional commanders were selected during the early period of Tang Chinese “loose-rein” rule over Turkic tribes following the defeat of the First Türk Qaghanate 突厥第一可汗国 in630. On the basis of this investigation, it demonstrates that the even before Li Shimin ascended the throne as Emperor Taizong 太宗, the second Tang emperor, these commanders had been selected from among the men who hadrallied to his support in his campaigns to pacify northern China （Shi Shanying 史善應, Shi Danai 史大奈）, or from Türks who had become his allies or formed other personal relationships with him （Ashina Shibobi 阿史那什鉢苾, Ashina Zhong 阿史那忠, Ashina Shimo 阿史那思摩, and Ashina Sunishi 阿史那蘇尼失）. Only one among them, Kang Sumi 康蘇密, remains a mystery due to inadequate historical source materials. This research has confirmed that the loose-rein policy of control of the Türks throughout Taizong’s reign was conducted principally by thesecommanders selected at the beginning. But, since a number of these individuals had been of low rank or status during the First Türk Qaghanate, they were unable to gain the support of the Turkic people, and this system of rule collapsed for a time. However, from the reign of Gaozong 高宗onward, a more realistic system of control was initiated, and the loose-reign policyattained its most perfected state.