Departmental Bulletin Paper カナダおよび先進諸国の教育専念教員の実態について - 導入の背景、特徴、課題 -

沖, 裕貴||オキ, ヒロタカ||Oki, Hirotaka

17pp.1 - 18 , 2017-12-20 , 中部大学大学教育研究センター
This paper attempts to describe the actual conditions of institutional and substantial teaching-stream faculty (teaching-centered faculty members) in Canada and several advanced countries, and consider their backgrounds, characteristics and issues. Not only in Canada but also in some countries the system of teaching-stream faculty including a full-time faculty appointment and opportunities to promote to a professor has already been established, and their contributions have been highly evaluated by their colleagues while they have been so much satisfied with their positions. In some other countries the national policy relating to teaching-stream faculty has not been introduced yet, but the balance of teaching and research is separately adjusted according to an individual and a university. In the background they are similarly facing the drastic changes in higher education such as an increase in diverse enrollment and teaching burdens, a relative decrease in public research funds, more emphasis of research results, and gradual expansion of accountability of the teaching effects. Though those actions may raise a serious concern about resulting in the development of a two-tiered faculty environment and destruction of the traditional balance of teaching and research, a new concept of faculty and university must be pursued towards these inevitable shifts, and at the same time, especially in Japan, individual faculty evaluation should be revised as quickly as possible so that it may reflect on scholarship of teaching and learning as academic work.

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