Departmental Bulletin Paper アメリカにおける保育の質評価・向上システム(QRIS)普及の背景

三品, 陽平||ミシナ, ヨウヘイ||Mishina, Yohei

11pp.13 - 23 , 2017-09 , 中部大学現代教育学研究所
The aim of this paper is overview the Quality Rating and Improvement System (QRIS) that has been spreading in the U.S., and analyze the sociological and political backgrounds of its spread. First, I introduce QRIS as a systemic approach to assess, improve, and communicate the level of quality in early and school-age care and education programs. QRIS is based on a neoliberalism way of thinking. Second, I summarize the worldwide movements of Early Care and Education (ECE) policies and the contexts of ECE peculiar to the U.S.. The U.S. holds common problems of ECE with other advanced countries. But, compared with other countries, the ECE policies in U.S. are minimal. Then, I point out the backgrounds of QRIS diffusion in the U.S.. These are 1) The problems of ECE common with other countries, 2) The problems of ECE peculiar to the U.S., 3) The excellent system of QRIS, 4) Supports of U.S. government by funds, and 5) The preceding educational reform movements according to neo-liberalism. Finally, I insist that QRIS is suggestive for Japanese ECE reform, but we must be careful of neo-liberalism way.

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