オンインテキ シンキンセイ ノ コトナル ニホンゴ ドウオン イギゴ ノ ショリ エノ ブンミャク ノ エイキョウ
Effects of context on the processing of Japanese homophones varying in phonological familiarity
水野りか||ミズノ, リカ||Mizuno, Rika松井, 孝雄||マツイ, タカオ||Matsui, Takao
11 , 2017-07 , 中部大学人文学部
Homophone effects had always been found for Japanese homophones with a single mate, but not for those with multiple mates. Mizuno and Matsui (2016), by controlling their phonological familiarities, found larger homophone effects for multiple-mate homophones than for single-mate homophones, and suggested that the high phonological familiarities of the former might shorten their lexical decision times. However, if phonological familiarity were a unique facilitative factor, Japanese would be regarded as an inefficient language, as Japanese has many homophones with multiple mates, and their phonological familiarities are not always high. Because Japanese is a high-context language (Hall, 1976), we contend that context should facilitate homophone processing, even for homophones with low phonological familiarity. In this experiment, the lexical decision times of multiple-mate homophones with high and low phonological familiarities were measured in with- and withoutcontext conditions. Homophone effects were found for homophones with low phonological familiarity in the without-context condition, but not for either high- or low-familiarity homophones in the withcontext condition. These results indicated that contexts have robust facilitative effects on Japanese homophone processing.